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Computer Science 6th Semester


Is computer science hard?
Learning the discipline of Computer Science is a hard and difficult endeavor for most students. However, if you are willing to invest the time and learn serious time management skills, most students can successfully learn the discipline and pursue successful careers in Computer Science fields.

Computer Science 1st Semester


Computer science


"Computer sciences" redirects here. For the American corporation, see 
Computer Sciences Corporation.
Expression for Church numerals in lambda calculusPlot of a quicksort algorithm
Example of Computer animation produced using Motion captureHalf-adder circuit
Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information, algorithms and the architectures of its computation as well as practical techniques for their application.
Computer science
Flowchart structured programming.svg

Computer science is the study of algorithmic processescomputational machines and computation itself. As a discipline, computer science spans a range of topics from theoretical studies of algorithmscomputation and information to the practical issues of implementing computational systems in hardware and software.

Its fields can be divided into theoretical and practical disciplines. For example, the theory of computation concerns abstract models of computation and general classes of problems that can be solved using them, while computer graphics or computational geometry emphasize more specific applications. Algorithms and data structures have been called the heart of computer science. Programming language theory considers approaches to the description of computational processes, while computer programming involves the use of them to create complex systemsComputer architecture describes construction of computer components and computer-operated equipment. Artificial intelligence aims to synthesize goal-orientated processes such as problem-solving, decision-making, environmental adaptation, planning and learning found in humans and animals. A digital computer is capable of simulating various information processes. The fundamental concern of computer science is determining what can and cannot be automated. Computer scientists usually focus on academic research. The Turing Award is generally recognized as the highest distinction in computer sciences.


Botany is the scientific study of plants. "Plants," to most people, means a wide range of living organisms from the smallest bacteria to the largest living things - the giant sequoia trees. By this definition plants include: algae, fungi, lichens, mosses, ferns, conifers and flowering plants. Today scientists believe bacteria, algae and fungi are in their own distinct kingdoms, but most general botany courses, and most Botany Departments at colleges and universities, still teach about these groups.

Because the field is so broad, there are many kinds of plant biologists and many different opportunities available. Botanists interested in ecology study interactions of plants with other organisms and the environment. Other field botanists search to find new species or do experiments to discover how plants grow under different conditions. Some botanists study the structure of plants. They may work in the field, concentrating on the pattern of the whole plant. Others use microscopes to study the most detailed fine structure of individual cells. Many botanists do experiments to determine how plants convert simple chemical compounds into more complex chemicals. They may even study how genetic information in DNA controls plant development. Botanists study processes that occur on a time scale ranging from fractions of a second in individual cells to those that unfold over eons of evolutionary time.

The results of botanical research increase and improve our supply of medicines, foods, fibers, building materials, and other plant products. Conservationists use botanical knowledge to help manage parks, forests, range lands, and wilderness areas. Public health and environmental protection professionals depend on their understanding of plant science to help solve pollution problems.


6th Semester


What are the benefits of PE?
Regular physical activity can help children and adolescents improve cardiorespiratory fitness, build strong bones and muscles, control weight, reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression, and reduce the risk of developing health conditions such as: Heart disease.



1st Semester

Physical Education is an education which brings improvement in human performance with the help of physical activities. ... All teachings in human education begin with physical education. Physical education is also considered as movement education as the life begins from movement only.


What is physical education and its importance?
Physical Education (PE) develops students' competence and confidence to take part in a range of physical activities that become a central part of their lives, both in and out of school. A high-quality PE curriculum enables all students to enjoy and succeed in many kinds of physical activity.

6th Semester

What are examples of geography?
The definition of geography is the study of the Earth. An example of geography is the study of where the states are located. An example of geography is the climate and natural resources of the land.

1st Semester  

Geography is the study of places and the relationships between people and their environments. Geographers explore both the physical properties of Earth's surface and the human societies spread across it. ... Geography seeks to understand where things are found, why they are there, and how they develop and change over time.


Whats does geography mean?
Geography means "description of the earth's surface." It is often confused with a related word, geology, which means "study of the earth." Geography is about anything that happens on the ground, or above it, including how people live and use the land, while geology studies the earth's content, like the plates that form ...

6th Semester


What do you mean by food technology?
What is Food Technology? Food technology is the application of food science to the selection, preservation, processing, packaging, distribution, and use of safe food. Related fields include analytical chemistry, biotechnology, engineering, nutrition, quality control, and food safety management.

1st Semester
Food technology is the application of science and related fields of study in post-harvest handling, preparation, processing, packaging, storage and distribution of food to ensure food safety and the well-being of individuals, families, and communities.


6th Semester


What does it mean to study sociology?
study of social life
Sociology is the study of social life, social change, and the social causes and consequences of human behavior. Sociologists investigate the structure of groups, organizations, and societies and how people interact within these contexts.


5th Semester


Sociology offers a distinctive and enlightening way of seeing and understanding the social world in which we live and which shapes our lives. Sociology looks beyond normal, taken-for-granted views of reality, to provide deeper, more illuminating and challenging understandings of social life. Through its particular analytical perspective, social theories, and research methods, sociology is a discipline that expands our awareness and analysis of the human social relationships, cultures, and institutions that profoundly shape both our lives and human history.

4th Semester


Students who have been well trained in sociology know how to think critically about human social life, and how to ask important research questions. They know how to design good social research projects, carefully collect and analyze empirical data, and formulate and present their research findings. Students trained in sociology also know how to help others understand the way the social world works and how it might be changed for the better. Most generally, they have learned how to think, evaluate, and communicate clearly, creatively, and effectively. These are all abilities of tremendous value in a wide variety of vocational callings and professions.

3rd Semester


Sociologists emphasize the careful gathering and analysis of evidence about social life to develop and enrich our understanding of key social processes. The research methods sociologists use are varied. Sociologists observe the everyday life of groups, conduct large-scale surveys, interpret historical documents, analyze census data, study video-taped interactions, interview participants of groups, and conduct laboratory experiments. The research methods and theories of sociology yield powerful insights into the social processes shaping human lives and social problems and prospects in the contemporary world. By better understanding those social processes, we also come to understand more clearly the forces shaping the personal experiences and outcomes of our own lives. The ability to see and understand this connection between broad social forces and personal experiences — what C. Wright Mills called “the sociological imagination” — is extremely valuable academic preparation for living effective and rewarding personal and professional lives in a changing and complex society.

2nd Semester


Sociology is an exciting and illuminating field of study that analyzes and explains important matters in our personal lives, our communities, and the world. At the personal level, sociology investigates the social causes and consequences of such things as romantic love, racial and gender identity, family conflict, deviant behavior, aging, and religious faith. At the societal level, sociology examines and explains matters like crime and law, poverty and wealth, prejudice and discrimination, schools and education, business firms, urban community, and social movements. At the global level, sociology studies such phenomena as population growth and migration, war and peace, and economic development.

1st Semester

Sociology is the study of human social relationships and institutions. Sociology’s subject matter is diverse, ranging from crime to religion, from the family to the state, from the divisions of race and social class to the shared beliefs of a common culture, and from social stability to radical change in whole societies. Unifying the study of these diverse subjects of study is sociology’s purpose of understanding how human action and consciousness both shape and are shaped by surrounding cultural and social structures.

Honours Paper


Is zoology a good career?
About Zoologist

Zoologist is an exciting career for a candidate who has studied zoology or equivalent subject. ... A zoologist has a wide range of job roles to choose and can work in different sectors according to their area of interest and skills.

6th Semester


Is zoology competitive?
Are zoologists in demand? Zoologists may face strong competition when looking for employment. Applicants with experience gained through internships, summer jobs, or volunteer work should have better chances at finding employment.


5th Semester


What does a zoologist do everyday?
Daily Duties

They may collect specimens and samples from animals in their natural habitats to study environmental effects, life cycles or disease. Zoologists also study the relationship different animals have with one another.


4th Semester

Is it hard to become a zoologist?
Before you start imagining this degree as a sort of petting zoo with tests, however, you should know it can be a pretty difficult major. Zoology is a branch of biology, concentrating on the study of animal life.

3rd Semester


Is zoology a good career?
About Zoologist

Zoologist is an exciting career for a candidate who has studied zoology or equivalent subject. ... A zoologist has a wide range of job roles to choose and can work in different sectors according to their area of interest and skills.

2nd Semester


What does a zoologist do?
Zoologists: Investigate the interrelationships between animals and their environment by studying animals in their natural surroundings, as well as in captivity and laboratories. Study and perform experiments to identify species and gather data on growth, nutrition, reproduction, prey and predators.

1st Semester

What is studied in zoology?

Zoology is a branch of biology which specializes in the study of animals both living and extinct, including their anatomy and physiology, embryology, genetics, evolution, classification, habits, behavior and distribution.

Honours Paper

What is chemistry in everyday life?
Chemistry is a big part of our everyday life. One can easily observe this branch of science in different spheres of human life such as in the food we eat, the air we breathe, the various cleansing agents we use, so much so that even human emotions are sometimes a result of chemical reactions within our body!

6th Semester


Why is chemistry so important?
Because it is so fundamental to our world, chemistry plays a role in everyone's lives and touches almost every aspect of our existence in some way. Chemistry is essential for meeting our basic needs of food, clothing, shelter, health, energy, and clean air, water, and soil.

5th Semester


How did chemistry start?
Chemistry began the moment our ancestors became human.

In the very early 1700s the Elector of Saxony and King of Poland, August the Strong, locked an alchemist in his laboratory and told him to make gold.


4th Semester


What is the best definition of chemistry?
1 : a science that deals with the composition, structure, and properties of substances and with the transformations that they undergo. 2a : the composition and chemical properties of a substance the chemistry of iron. b : chemical processes and phenomena (as of an organism) blood chemistry.

3rd Semester


What is chemistry used for?
Chemistry will help us solve many future problems, including sustainable energy and food production, managing our environment, providing safe drinking water and promoting human and environmental health

2nd Semester 

What is the chemistry?
Chemistry is a branch of natural science that deals principally with the properties of substances, the changes they undergo, and the natural laws that describe these changes.

1st Semester


Chemistry is the scientific study of the properties and behavior of matter. It is a natural science that covers the elements that make up matter to the compounds composed of atomsmolecules and ions: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other substances.

6th Semester


Is Environmental Science a good career?
Then Environmental Science is the best career option for you. You can study the physical, chemical, and biological processes that take place on the Earth, as well as the social, political, and cultural methods which impact the planet. ... After holding a degree in this field you will get a vast career option to choose.

5th Semester


Terminology

In common usage, "environmental science" and "ecology" are often used interchangeably, but technically, ecology refers only to the study of organisms and their interactions with each other as well as how they interrelate with environment. Ecology could be considered a subset of environmental science, which also could involve purely chemical or public health issues (for example) ecologists would be unlikely to study. In practice, there are considerable similarities between the work of ecologists and other environmental scientists. There is substantial overlap between ecology and environmental science with the disciplines of fisheries, forestry, and wildlife.


4th Semester


Environmental science came alive as a substantive, active field of scientific investigation in the 1960s and 1970s driven by (a) the need for a multi-disciplinary approach to analyze complex environmental problems, (b) the arrival of substantive environmental laws requiring specific environmental protocols of investigation and (c) the growing public awareness of a need for action in addressing environmental problems. Events that spurred this development included the publication of Rachel Carson's landmark environmental book Silent Spring along with major environmental issues becoming very public, such as the 1969 Santa Barbara oil spill, and the Cuyahoga River of Cleveland, Ohio, "catching fire" (also in 1969), and helped increase the visibility of environmental issues and create this new field of study.

3rd Semester


Environmental scientists study subjects like the understanding of earth processes, evaluating alternative energy systems, pollution control and mitigation, natural resource management, and the effects of global climate changeEnvironmental issues almost always include an interaction of physical, chemical, and biological processes. Environmental scientists bring a systems approach to the analysis of environmental problems. Key elements of an effective environmental scientist include the ability to relate space, and time relationships as well as quantitative analysis.

2nd Semseter


Environmental studies incorporates more of the social sciences for understanding human relationships, perceptions and policies towards the environment. Environmental engineering focuses on design and technology for improving environmental quality in every aspect.

1st Semester


Environmental science is an interdisciplinary academic field that integrates physical, biological and information sciences (including ecologybiologyphysicschemistryplant sciencezoologymineralogyoceanographylimnologysoil sciencegeology and physical geography, and atmospheric science) to the study of the environment, and the solution of environmental problems. Environmental science emerged from the fields of natural history and medicine during the Enlightenment.[1] Today it provides an integrated, quantitative, and interdisciplinary approach to the study of environmental systems.

Honours Paper


How difficult is physics?
Physics is usually among the toughest classes someone may encounter in their academic studies, since it requires conceptual understanding of physics concepts, along with both mechanical application and conceptual understanding mathematics.

6th Semester


Can I learn physics?
Remember that anyone can learn physics. It's no different from learning programming, from learning a musical instrument, from reading great literature. Whether you turn it into a hobby or a career, the pure joy of understanding the universe around us is one of the most beautiful experiences you can ever have in life

5th Semester

Advances in physics often enable advances in new technologies. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetismsolid-state physics, and nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as televisioncomputersdomestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization; and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.

4th Semester


What is the easiest definition of physics?
1 : a science that deals with matter and energy and their interactions. 2a : the physical processes and phenomena of a particular system. b : the physical properties and composition of something.

3rd Semester

Advances in physics often enable advances in new technologies. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetismsolid-state physics, and nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as televisioncomputersdomestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization; and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.

2nd Semester


Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines and, through its inclusion of astronomy, perhaps the oldest. Over much of the past two millennia, physics, chemistrybiology, and certain branches of mathematics were a part of natural philosophy, but during the Scientific Revolution in the 17th century these natural sciences emerged as unique research endeavors in their own right.[c] Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms studied by other sciences[6] and suggest new avenues of research in academic disciplines such as mathematics and philosophy.

1st Semester


Physics (from Ancient Greekφυσική (ἐπιστήμη)romanizedphysikḗ (epistḗmē)lit.'knowledge of nature', from φύσις phýsis 'nature') is the natural science that studies matter, its motion and behavior through space and time, and the related entities of energy and force. Physics is one of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, and its main goal is to understand how the universe behaves.

Honours Paper


Who is the father of economics?
Adam Smith
Adam Smith was an 18th-century Scottish economist, philosopher, and author, and is considered the father of modern economics. Smith is most famous for his 1776 book, "The Wealth of Nations."

6th Semester

What are the basic concepts of economics?
At the most basic level, economics attempts to explain how and why we make the purchasing choices we do. Four key economic concepts—scarcity, supply and demand, costs and benefits, and incentives—can help explain many decisions that humans make.

5th Semester


What's the purpose of economics?
Economics is the study of how societies use scarce resources to produce valuable commodities and distribute them among different people. Behind this definition are two key ideas in economics: that goods are scarce and that society must use its resources efficiently.

4th Semester

What is the modern definition of economics?
According to Samuelson, 'Economics is a social science concerned chiefly with the way society chooses to employ its resources, which have alternative uses, to produce goods and services for present and future consumption'

3rd Semester


How do you explain economics?
Economics is a social science concerned with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. It studies how individuals, businesses, governments, and nations make choices about how to allocate resources. ... The building blocks of economics are the studies of labor and trade.

2nd Semester

What is economics study?
Economics can be defined in a few different ways. It's the study of scarcity, the study of how people use resources and respond to incentives, or the study of decision-making. It often involves topics like wealth and finance, but it's not all about money.

1st Semester

What is the best definition of economics?
A standard definition of economics could describe it as: a social science directed at the satisfaction of needs and wants through the allocation of scarce resources which have alternative uses. We can go further to state that: economics is about the study of scarcity and choice.

What is meant by vocational courses?
Vocational course is an educational discipline that helps an individual to acquire skills that are required for a particular trade. Vocational courses are generally non academic and are entirely related to a specific trade, occupation or vocation

6th Semester


Appendix 5:
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (abbreviated)

Article 1Right to Equality
Article 2Freedom from Discrimination
Article 3Right to Life, Liberty, Personal Security
Article 4Freedom from Slavery
Article 5Freedom from Torture and Degrading Treatment
Article 6Right to Recognition as a Person before the Law
Article 7Right to Equality before the Law
Article 8Right to Remedy by Competent Tribunal
Article 9Freedom from Arbitrary Arrest and Exile
Article 10Right to Fair Public Hearing
Article 11Right to be Considered Innocent until Proven Guilty
Article 12Freedom from Interference with Privacy, Family, Home and Correspondence
Article 13Right to Free Movement in and out of the Country
Article 14Right to Asylum in other Countries from Persecution
Article 15Right to a Nationality and the Freedom to Change It
Article 16Right to Marriage and Family
Article 17Right to Own Property
Article 18Freedom of Belief and Religion
Article 19Freedom of Opinion and Information
Article 20Right of Peaceful Assembly and Association
Article 21Right to Participate in Government and in Free Elections
Article 22Right to Social Security
Article 23Right to Desirable Work and to Join Trade Unions
Article 24Right to Rest and Leisure
Article 25Right to Adequate Living Standard
Article 26Right to Education
Article 27Right to Participate in the Cultural Life of Community
Article 28Right to a Social Order that Articulates this Document
Article 29Community Duties Essential to Free and Full Development
Article 30Freedom from State or Personal Interference in the above Rights


5th Semester


What is the main aim of human rights?
The preamble to the UDHR sets out the aims of the Declaration, namely to contribute to 'freedom, justice and peace in the world', to be achieved by universal recognition and respect for human rights. These rights are then defined in 30 articles which include civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights.

4th Semester


What is the purpose of human rights?
Human rights are norms that aspire to protect all people everywhere from severe political, legal, and social abuses. Examples of human rights are the right to freedom of religion, the right to a fair trial when charged with a crime, the right not to be tortured, and the right to education.

3rd Semester


Why do we need human rights education?
Human rights education aims to do the following:

Enhance the knowledge and understanding of human rights. Foster attitudes of tolerance, respect, solidarity, and responsibility. Develop awareness of how human rights can be translated into social and political reality. Develop skills for protecting human rights.

2nd Semester

What are the values of human rights?

These basic rights are based on shared values like dignity, fairness, equality, respect and independence. These values are defined and protected by law

1st Semester

How does human rights relate to education?
Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that everyone has a right to education and that "Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. ... Human rights are more than just inspiration.